Export of steam coal to Russia account for main share of total exports from Kazakhstan (84 % of the total 26.2 million tons). The Russian Federation power plants specifically designed for Kazakhstani coal ensure the basic demand. The volume of imports of Kazakh coal varies depending on the total consumption of coal in Russia, but the share of its use in Russian coal generation has been declining lately and is about 20 %.
|The Russian Federation||29.8||29.4||27.7||24.4||22.0||22.0|
|at RF power plant||27.7||27.6||24.9||21.1||19.0|
The list of coal mining companies in the Republic of Kazakhstan that supply coal to 12 power plants of the Russian Federation:
- “Bogatyr Komir” LLP (coal brand CCSM);
- “EEK” JSC (coal brand CCSM);
- “Angrensor-Energo” LLP (coal brand CCSM);
- “Maikuben-West” LLP (coal brand B3, D);
- “On-Olzha” LLP (coal brand B3).
Development of the Russian Federation power industry assumes a gradual transfer of Ural power plants’ consumption from Ekibastuz coal to Kuznetsk coal. The increase in export volumes of Ekibastuz coals in Russian direction is not expected due to adoption of a program for the development of the Russian coal industry for the period up to 2030, by the order of the Russian government. According to this program, Russian power plants plan to replace the consumption of Kazakh (Ekibastuz) coals with Kuznetsk coal as well as the transition of individual Russian power plants to gas is planned.
On April 4, 2016 an Indicative forecast of Kazakh coal consumption by Russian power generating companies for 2016–2022 was signed between the Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation. According to this forecast, exports to Russia in 2016 will be about 22.0 mln. tons, in 2017 – about 19.8 mln., in 2018 – 20.8 mln., in 2019 – 20.7 mln., in 2020 – 20.2 mln., in 2021 – 21.0 mln., in 2022 – 20.5 mln. tons.
According to the plans of Russian generating companies, partial reduction of capacities operating on Kazakh coal is planned in the medium term. The service life of many power plants already exceeds 40 years, and by 2030 will reach the bar 60–80 years, yet their capacities are likely to be partially decommissioned.
Power plants of Russian Federation, which reduced consumption from the declared volumes for 2016:
- Reftinsk GRES (–337.0 thous. tons);
- Troitsk GRES (–30.0 thous. tons);
- Serovsk GRES (–315.0 thous. tons);
- Omsk TPP–4,5 (–1 038,5 thous. tons);
- South-Ural GRES (–581.2 thous. tons)
In just 12 months of 2014 coal exports to Russia decreased by 3.8 mln. tons compared to the same period in 2013.