Managing Director for production and asset management of “Samruk-Energy” JSC
Being one of the largest power companies in Kazakhstan, “Samruk-Energy” JSC realizes the significant role of the environmental aspect in the sustainable development of the company. The protection of the environment and the rational use of resources play an important role in operations of the Company and its subsidiaries and affiliates.
Environmental safety is one of the key principles that “Samruk-Energy” JSC adheres to from the moment of its existence. During implementation of our production activities, we have always sought and strive to minimize the negative impact on all components of the environment.
Taking into account the existing experience and specifics of the technologies used, available fuels, peculiarities of our climate, as well as a number of other stimulating and sometimes restraining factors, we have developed an environmental policy as an integrated long-term program that is part of the company’s long-term development strategy.
Of course, in direction of protecting the environment, first of all, we adhere to current Kazakhstani legislative requirements and regulations, and we also strive to meet even more stringent standards of developed countries (for example, according to ash emissions, we already meet European standards, Balkhash TPP project corresponds to the best world technologies in terms of fuel use efficiency and environmental parameters).
Main achievements in the environmental field is reduction of emissions to the environment according to specific indicators by 3 % as compared to 2015, which is a logical and expected result of optimizing the use of fuel and energy resources, implementing energy and material-saving and a number of environmental measures.
The company plans to consistently pursue the reduction of production activities impact on the environment through the introduction of new technologies and the use of renewable energy sources, energy efficiency, energy and resource saving and in terms of improving the mechanisms for regulating the industry, it is planned to construct facilities sources using “clean” energy.
An innovative project on construction of the first 2 MW industrial solar power plant in Kapshagay with production of “clean” electricity of about 3, 6 million kWh/year was successfully implemented in 2013.
A State Committee Certificate on commissioning of 45 MW wind power plant in Ereymentau city was signed on August 14, 2015; the plant in addition to ensuring an annual production of abt. 170 mln. kWh will also save from burning of abt. 110 thous. tons of coal per year and will reduce greenhouse gas emissions associated with this.
In addition, the Company implements a comprehensive program of environmental protection measures. Electrostatic precipitators were installed at all power units of Ekibastuz SDPP-1 and SDPP-2, which allowed reducing ash emissions by more than 3 times – the plants reduced the amount of emissions from 108 to 36 thousand tons due to the increase in ash collection rate up to 99.4–99.6 %. A combined ash and slag removal system was commissioned at Almaty CHP-2 in 2015.
Priority development directions and objectives of the Company operations in the environmental area are reflected in the long-term Development Strategy and the Environmental Policy of the Company.
In accordance with the current legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, each subsidiary and affiliate of “Samruk-Energy” JSC has an action plan for environmental protection approved by the authorized body, the execution of which is an obligatory condition for special environmental management.
The action plan includes the following aspects:
- protection of ambient air;
- activities on dust suppression of the ash dump;
- protection and rational use of water resources;
- introduction of management systems and the best safe technologies;
- scientific research, survey and other works;
- environmental training and propaganda.
“Samruk-Energy” JSC conventional energy generation is carried out by burning such fuels as coal, fuel oil and gas. By the end of 2016, conventional generation accounted for 92.5 % of electricity of the company’s group total output, while in 2016 there was an increase in electricity production using gas. Thus, CHP-1 of “APP” JSC completely switched to gas and gas turbine “Aktobe CHP” JSC increased production.
As regards renewable energy sources, in 2016, electricity generation by hydropower plants has increased by 12 % (6.8 % of the total output of “Samruk-Energy” JSC) and by 88 % at renewable energy facilities (0.7 % of the total output of “Samruk-Energy” JSC).
Consumed materials by mass or volume for 2016
Water consumption is strictly in accordance with the current legislation, i.e. Samruk-Energy companies withdraw water in accordance with available licenses. Water is used to recharge reservoirs, cooling the steam, irrigate ash beaches, maintain water level in ash dumps, and also the water mass is used as a source of energy in hydropower plants.
Total amount of water withdrawn broken down by sources for 2016
|Total amount of water withdrawn||thous. cub. m||9,671,594|
|From surface water bodies||thous. cub. m||9,619,606|
|From underground sources||thous. cub. m||6,817|
|Waste water from other organizations||thous. cub. m||406|
|From municipal and other water supply systems||thous. cub. m||44,765|
The Company has sought to reduce the consumption of water resources not only for environmental, but also economic reasons, for which all large enterprises introduced water recycling systems.
Percentage and total volume of water recycled and reused for 2016
|Total amount of water withdrawn||thous. cub. m||9,671,594|
|Volume of water withdrawn by HPP||thous. cub. m||9,497,020|
|Volume of reused and recycled water||thous. cub. m||2,921,806|
Implementation of a comprehensive environmental protection program resulted in a reduction in the specific air pollutant emissions per 1 kWh of electricity by 3 % compared to 2015.
Specific emissions of CO and SOx decreased by 2 and 3 % respectively. Specific NOx emissions decreased by almost 5 %.
We continue to observe a positive trend in reducing ash emissions after the commissioning of new generation electrostatic precipitators at all power units of Ekibastuz SDPP-1 and SDPP-2, as well as wet ash collection emulsifiers at the plants of “APP” JSC. Gross ash emissions from 2009 to 2016 decreased more than 3 times and by 7 % compared to 2015, which was also owing to “APP” JSC CHP-1 transition to gas.
Emissions of NOx, SO2 and other significant pollutants into the atmosphere for 2016
|Persistent organic pollutants (POP)||tons||–|
|Volatile organic compounds (VOC)||tons||115.4|
At industrial facilities of the Company, no wastewater is discharged into natural objects. As wastewater storage facilities, artificial structures are constructed in such a way as to prevent a negative impact on groundwater.
Considering the fact that circulating water systems are used in the Company’s SA, the volume of waste water is insignificant (less than 1 % of the volume of water withdrawn). Waste water before the discharge into the storage tanks undergoes the necessary cleaning up to the required parameters. Part of the wastewater is supplied directly to municipal sewerage network, after which they are cleaned at municipal sewage treatment plants.
Total volume of discharge for 2016
|1.||Wastewater volume||64 842 095||м3|
The Republic of Kazakhstan Environmental Code provides for environmental inspections on the part of the state, which may result in fines for violating the requirements of the law. In 2016, Environmental Department of Pavlodar region of the Committee for Environmental Regulation, Control and State Inspection in the Oil and Gas Industry of the Ministry of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan imposed penalty on ESDPP-2 for late fulfillment of environmental permits’ conditions, in terms of upgrading of the air purification system with refurbishment of dust exhausting plants, the violation was due to the lack of timely funding, the amount of fines was about 10.5 mln. tenge. However, dust exhausting plants were repaired during the year.
Non-financial sanctions against the Company’s facilities were not applied; there are no disputes on environmental issues.
Monetary value of significant fines and the total number of non-financial sanctions imposed for non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations
|1.||Significant fines||10,587.442||thous. tenge||2016|
|2.||Non-financial sanctions||0||number of incidents||Non-financial sanctions were not applied|
|3.||Cases using dispute resolution mechanisms||0||thous. tenge||there were no cases using dispute resolution mechanisms|
In 2016, expenses and investments in environmental protection across “Samruk-Energy” JSC group of companies amounted to 1,197 bln. tenge.
Total costs and investments in Environmental protection for 2016
|Costs associated with waste management and emission treatment as well as elimination of environmental damage||tenge||825,732,793|
|Cost for preventing the impact on the environment and environmental management system||tenge||160,383,409|
Costs and investments, %